To talk about life in an era of internet is trivial without prefatorial of the language which runs the internet front-end. From the Inception of the World Wide Web in the early 90’s until now, there is only one language which consistently rules the web, Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML.
The History of HTML
Today, most of the web pages you visit has its structure made in HTML. There are roughly 5 billion web pages in over 1 billion websites around the globe as of March 2015. HTML was developed by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), founded and run by Tim Berners-Lee considered as the Father of Internet. Later, WHATWG (The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group) founded in 2004 by a community of individuals from Apple, Mozilla & Opera foundation, initiated their support.
The Maturation of HTML to HTML5
HTML is an incessantly evolving language and has gone through 7 phases until it arrived at the recent HTML5 standards. The various versions until now are:
1) HTML 1.0
2) HTML 2.0
3) HTML 3.0
4) HTML 3.2
5) HTML 4.01
6) XHTML 1.0
7) HTML 5
1) Simple Semantic Markup
3) Local SQL Database
4) CSS3 layout techniques
5) Support for Audio, Video & 3D rendering
6) Form controls
HTML5 is a superset of HTML. It supports backward compatibility, i.e. all the markup’s and tags in previous versions are still supported in HTML5. While the browsers are competing to accommodate more and more functionalities to their latest versions, as end users we get more robust, much faster and more capable browsers.
HTML5: The Hybrid Mobile App Builder
Mobile browsing became an indispensable part of our life in the last few years. With the introduction of iPhone in 2007, the mobile web market started to see a steady growth. In 2014, mobile web usage is estimated to be about 67% and the numbers are expected to hit the roof this year. This growth boosted usage of HTML5 standards in most of the websites as HTML5 has multitude of mobile platform supporting capabilities.
Mobile App development is a constantly moving target. Every 6 months, there’s a new mobile operating system with unique features. Thanks to the community behind HTML5, its momentum has become the only cross platform compatible language which allows developers to build rich applications for multiple devices such as desktops, smartphones and tablets.
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